Citing Your Sources
When researching a topic in the Chi Hi Library, you may use electronic databases such as BadgerLink, LRS, or the WorldBook Online. Listed below are examples of how to cite a source using one of these research tools.
BadgerLink is a site offered by the Wisconsin Department of Public Instruction that you may access anywhere in the state of Wisconsin. Through BadgerLink you may research many databases. When you are on BadgerLink’s home page, you should choose one of the database services, EBSCOHost for example. When you click on EBSCOHost, it provides a number of databases which you can select. You might select MasterFile Premier or MAS Ultra. Remember, EBSCOHost is the service, MasterFile Premier is the database. When you look at a result of your search in EBSCOHost, the database where the information is found will be listed before the article along with the other information, such as the author, title, and date of publication.
Here is what is needed in your citation when using a database.
Author(s). “Title of Article.” Title of source. Day Month Year: pages. Name of Database.
Name of Service. Library where service accessed, city of library where accessed. Date of Access <URL>.
Bartlett, Bruce. “The $250 Billion Tax Trap.” Fortune 8 Sept. 2004:66. MAS Ultra School Edition. EBSCOHost. Chippewa Falls High School. Chippewa Falls, WI. 19 Oct. 2004. <http://www.epnet.com>. (Note: This is the address for EBSCOHost.)
Note: If you access BadgerLink at home, you may eliminate the location information. If you access it at the Public Library, give the location information for that.
Library Reference Service
The Library Reference Service has recently been purchased for our use in the Chi Hi library. It is a database that collects information on current topics. You need to search it by the topics provided or do an advanced search.
Dover, Jay. “TV-Society and Children: What Kids Really Think About TV?” Children Now Report. Spring 2001:10-11. Library Reference Services. Chippewa Falls High School. Chippewa Falls, WI. 14 Nov. 2005 <www.lrsdatabase.com>.
World Book Online
Author(s). “Title of Article.” Title of Encyclopedia. Date of Access <URL>.
(Note how 2 authors are treated in the example.)
Edmonds, Richard Louis, and Richard J. Smith. “China.” WorldBook Online Reference Center. 19 October 2004 <http://worldbookonline.com/wb/Home>.
THE WORLD WIDE WEB
When using the World Wide Web to look for information on your topic, it is important to get as much information from the site as you can before you exit. Be sure to scroll down to the bottom as there may well be an author (not the webmaster), copyright, or sponsor listed there.
Author(s). “Title of Article.” Name of Web Site. Date of electronic publication or latest update, Name of institution/organization sponsoring the site. Date of Access <URL>.
Jerz, Dennis J. “Formatting the Works Cited List.” MLA Style: Using MS-Word to Format a Paper. Jan. 2000. University of Wisconsin-Eau Claire. 22 Apr. 2002 <http://www.uwec.edu/jerzdg/orr/articles/research/mla_style.html>.
Remember, when information is not available from a site, skip it and go on to the next item. Be sure to go to the end of the document to note the information provided there. If the page is part of a site, go to the Home page to search for citation information there.
Be sure to note the date that you accessed a site. This date goes in front of the URL and is not followed by a period. Enclose the URL in angle brackets, < >.
Online Magazines and Newspapers
If you read a magazine online, such as Time or Sports Illustrated, you will need the same information plus the date that you read the article and the URL. If you found the article in a database (perhaps from a service in BadgerLink), follow that example.
Cloud, John. “How the Wedge Issues Cut.” Time Online Edition. 22 Oct. 2004. 25 Oct. 2004 <http://www.time.com/time/nation>.
Borowski, Greg J., and Meg Jones. “GOP Lose Protest on Local Voter List.” JS Online 28 Oct. 2004. Election 2004. 28 Oct. 2004 <http://www.jsonline.com/>.
Photos, maps, cartoons, and other images must be documented if they are attributed to someone. If they are free or unnamed, you do not need to cite them. The basic format is the same as anything else. Who did it? What’s its name? When was it created? Where is it? When did you download it? What’s the URL?
Warhol, Andy. Campbell’s Soup Can. The Young Museum of Art. 26 Oct 2004 <http://web.singnet.com.sg/~janinvie/art20.html>.
Reminder: When you use information from any source, be sure to document it. You may need to use a reference book to find the correct way to cite sources, as there are many different types of sources one can use. Books, such as Writers Inc. and online writing labs such as OWL offered by Purdue University, exist to help you do this correctly. Some of these sights are on the Chi Hi Library’s Hotlist.
Other Types of Sources:
Author (Last Name, First Name). Name of book. City of publication: Publisher’s name, YYYY.
The author’s last name comes first. If there are two authors, only the order of the first one is reversed. If there are more than two authors, name the first one (last name first) and add “et al.” Remember, an author may be an organization such as the American Medical Association or a government agency such as the Department of State.
Tolkien, J. R. R. The Peoples of Middle Earth. Boston: Houghton, 1995.
Dawes, Edwin A., and Arthur Setterington. The Encyclopedia of Magic. New York: Gallery, 1986.
Carson, Clayborne, et al. The Eyes on the Prize, Civil Rights Reader. New York: Penguin, 1991.
Author (Last name, First Name). “Title of Article.” Name of magazine. DD Mo. YYYY: Pages.
Steinmehl, Eric. “Low is Good, Lower May be Better.” Health. Oct. 2004:57-61.
Authors (Last name, First name). “Title of Article.” Name of newspaper DD Mo. YYYY, ed,
If the name of the city is not included in the name of the newspaper, include it in brackets [ ] after the name. If the sections are named with a letter, include the letter of the section followed by the page number with no colon. If the sections are numbered, write “sec.” followed by a colon and the page number.
Waters, Alyssa. “Sturdy Additions.” Leader Telegram [Eau Claire] 18 Oct. 2004: B1.
Waters, Alyssa. “Sturdy Additions.” Chicago Tribune 18 Oct. 2004, sec. 1:1
Last name, First name. Kind of interview (phone, personal). DD Mo. YYYY.
Brooks, Garth. Personal interview. 12 Dec. 2002.
Cartoonist. “Title of Cartoon” (if any). Cartoon. Continue with the appropriate publication such as newspaper or magazine.
If the cartoon is from a web site, see Online Images.
McPherson, John. “Close to Home.” Cartoon. The Chippewa Herald [Chippewa Falls] 19 Oct. 2004: A8.
Creating the Works Cited Page
Once you have all of your sources listed, you will need to create a Works Cited page.
1. Arrange your sources in alphabetical order by the first entry (could be the last name of the author, might be the title). It is easiest to keep everything single spaced with no indents.
2. Be sure to punctuate correctly. Look at an example.
3. When you have your sources in alphabetical order, go to the menu bar and click and hold on Edit. Choose Select All. This highlights the entire page.
4. Go to Format and choose Paragraph.
5. When the dialog box opens, go to the Indentation section and under Special click on the drop down arrow. Choose Hanging.
6. Go to the Spacing section and under Line Spacing choose Double.
7. Go back to the top and in the center, type Works Cited. Then double space between the title and the first entry.